founded on April 4, 1949, though not ratified until August.
The fall of the Berlin Wall changed that abruptly. and its allies built up forces in Saudi Arabia.
When the Berlin Wall fell in 1989, and again when the Soviet Union dissolved two years later on Boxing Day, many questioned the future mission of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, which was Chi Hair Straightener Reviews
Formed to provide mutual protection during the Cold War, NATO did not engage in any military missions during the first 40 years of its existence. Beats By Dre Replacement Parts
A Russian BM 21 Grad multiple launch rocket system launches rockets during military exercises this week in southern Russia's Volgograd region.
As Peter Duignan wrote in his exploration of the first 50 years of "the Beats Tumblr most successful alliance system in the history of the world," NATO was created for three reasons: "to keep the Russians out, the Germans down, and the Americans in Europe."
NATO faces original foe
NATO also deployed units in the Bosnian War, 1992, and in Kosovo, 1999.
have been active since 9/11, with missions in Iraq (2004 11), the Gulf of Aden (combating pirates since August 2009), and during the Libyan civil war in 2011.
Cold War ends, NATO gets active
The events of Sept. 11, 2001, precipitated the first invocation of the treaty's fifth article, which calls for a collective response to an armed attack against any member. In 2003, NATO took command of the International Security Assistance Force, with troops from 42 countries posted in Afghanistan.
Ukraine prompts concerns
The Western world has responded to Russia's Crimean incursion by imposing sanctions, but most of us think they will be ineffective and expect the conflict to spread to other countries bordering Russia.
Americans, unsurprisingly, are loath to see a military response to the Ukrainian crisis. A recent CBS News poll found Republicans (59 percent), Democrats (69 percent), and unaffiliated (69 percent) strongly opposed. The polling is similar to other international crises it has polled.
Though Ukraine is not a NATO member, the Crimean crisis and the presence of Russian troops on its border have brought into sharp focus the obligations treaty members have. Ukraine joined NATO's Partnership for Peace program in 1994. The program established bilateral, non defense, relationships with former countries and allies of the Soviet Union. Air Force Gen. Philip Breedlove, who stepped into the position less than a year ago, this week said that Russia had positioned 40,000 troops on Ukraine's border "supported by fixed wing aircraft, rotary aircraft, all of the logistics required in order to successfully make an incursion if they needed."
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization was founded on April 4, 1949, to contain the Soviet Union during the Cold War. Sixty five years later its original mission is nigh.
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Just weeks before the 50th anniversary of NATO's founding, three former members of the Soviet Union's response to NATO the Warsaw Pact joined NATO. Nine other former Warsaw Pact members joined during the next 10 years, including three with large Russian ethnic minorities. And NATO affirmed its independence from the United Nations in how it decided to respond to security threats.
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